The final scene of Shakespeare`s Macbeth signals balance after excess, royalty after tyranny, and calm after conflict. The noble Macduff defeated Macbeth in an individual man-to-man fight, as an act of revenge for the slaughter of his family. Macduff then presents young Malcolm with Macbeth`s “cursed head” as a victory trophy. This marks Macbeth`s exchange of power as a false “usurper” with Malcolm as the legitimate “king” (5.9.20u201221). Malcolm rewarded his faithful Thanes by making them the first Earl of Scotland; He calls his people into exile at home and invites them to see them crowned. The broken circle seems to be repaired when Malcolm – the son of the murdered King Duncan – is put back on the Scottish throne. In Act 4.1, Macbeth sees three apparitions summoned by the Three Witches, with Malcolm`s Act 5.4 approaching Dunsinane Castle, with tree branches being the last. [4] Act 4.3 presents irony, Macduff having to prove his loyalty and Malcolm must prove his dignity. [4] In Act 4:3, Malcolm tells Macduff about his loyalty and what to do. When Malcolm hears Macduff denigrate Macbeth (“Not in the legions of terrible hell, a devil who is more upset in evil to surpass Macbeth.” – Macduff, Act 4:3 55-57), Malcolm feigns his own vices to continue testing Macduff. Macduff replied that he too would have such vices if he were king, and then he expressed his loyalty to Scotland (“O Scotland, Scotland!” – Macduff, Law 4.3 100). They agree that perhaps no one is capable of governing such a beautiful country.

This leads Malcolm to trust Macduff (“Macduff, that noble passion, child of integrity, swept away from my soul the dark scruples, reconciled my thoughts with your good truth and honor.” – Malcolm, act 4:3 114-17). When Malcolm sees that Macduff`s family has been killed, he pushes Macduff to take up arms with him against Macbeth (“Be the wheel of your sword. Let grief turn into anger; Do not blunt the heart, nourish it. Malcolm, Act 4:3 228-229). Macduff agrees that it is time for revenge (“Bring this enemy of Scotland and me; In the length of my sword, he put it. If he “makes the landscape, forgive him the sky too!” – Macduff, act 4:3 233-35) when the scene ends. In the scene, Malcolm learns that manhood is more than aggression when Macduff tells him that he must also mourn his loss (“Deny as a Man” – Malcolm, Act 4.3 220; “I will do it, but I must also feel it as a man.” – Macduff, act 4:3 220-21). Malcolm also repeats his father`s tongue and repairs the lineage that was cut off when Macbeth ascended the throne. The “bluff, cool, effective” soldiers seem to lack “humanity” after the death of the tragic hero.